Beijing's threat responds to Trump's decision, announced over the weekend, to slap an additional 25 percent tariff on $325 billion worth of Chinese goods, which the administration says will kick in Friday at 12:01 a.m. ET.
On Wednesday, Trump insinuated in a pair of Twitter posts that the Chinese delegation was attempting to delay a trade deal until after the 2020 presidential elections, when a different candidate could take office and potentially reach a deal with more lenient terms.
Technology and health care companies accounted for much of the rebound.
Chinese state media on Thursday published and aired reports quoting US-based organisations and individuals critical of Trump's decision to raise tariffs, though playing down the impact of higher USA tariffs on the Chinese economy.
The world's top two economies on Thursday were due to resume fraught trade talks just as a truce between them verged on collapse, with hostilities poised to escalate after months of seemingly collegial negotiations. "But for now. come Friday there will be tariffs in place", he said.
"China hopes the United States meets China half way and resolves problems through dialog rather than unilateral steps, stated Feng". "The Trade Deal with China continues, but too slowly, as they attempt to renegotiate. No!"
For 40 years, USA leaders have prioritized deepening economic ties between the two countries rather than confront China over its trade practices.
In a concern for Mr Trump, the tariffs due to rise on Friday also have a greater potential to pinch USA voters in their wallets as they could increase prices for popular consumer items, according to Ms Lovely.
The administration and analysts have been reluctant to specify what commitments the Chinese government has backpedaled on, but both have acknowledged that as the two countries have neared the finish line, there is a faction in Beijing that has found it hard to agree to commitments that would be enforceable under the deal.
China accuses the U.S. of starting the biggest trade war in economic history.
"It turns out the Chinese had pulled out an eraser and started taking back things that they had offered", said Mr Kennedy. It has targeted United States goods ranging from chemicals, to vegetables and whiskey.
The US says China is backtracking on promises, such as protecting intellectual property and stopping unfair trade practices.
Gao did not answer directly when asked if China would consider imposing tariffs on imported U.S. services.
Trump, who has adopted protectionist policies as part of his "America First" agenda aimed at rebalancing global trade and boosting US manufacturing, accused Beijing of reneging on commitments made during months of negotiations.
Major stock indexes in Europe closed with modest gains.
The S&P 500 index fell 4.63 parts, or 0.2%, to 2,879.42.
Anthony Nieves, who heads a survey of the services sector by the Institute for Supply Management, told reporters on Wednesday the tariffs were hitting China "a lot more than what we're feeling over here in the states". Various media accounts indicated the Chinese side had balked at U.S. demands that Beijing codify the seven-chapter agreement in Chinese law and publish the text of the agreement or indeed had sought to weaken most of its core elements.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 138.97 points, or 0.54 per cent, to 25,828.36, the S&P 500 lost 8.7 points, or 0.30 per cent, to 2,870.72 and the Nasdaq Composite dropped 32.73 points, or 0.41 per cent, to 7,910.59. "Once again, the two countries, and indeed, the entire world's economy will be forced into a crisis mode that will likely inflict enormous losses on many individual companies and many thousands of workers and farmers in both countries".