On July 6, Beijing hit back at USA tariffs on US$34 billion in Chinese products with similar duties of its own on United States goods, including soybeans, beef, pork, sorghum and fruit.
"The farmers will be the biggest beneficiary, watch, we are opening up markets, you watch what is going to happen, just be a little patient, they are all aiming at anyone who likes me", Trump said during a speech Tuesday in Kansas City.
Some Republicans in farm states quickly dismissed the plan, declaring that farmers want markets for their crops, not payoffs for lost sales and lower prices.
The Washington Post reported that the aid will begin to flow in September.
"I wonder, what can they be thinking? Hopefully soon this ill-thought-out policy will end".
It will rely on the Department of Agriculture's authority to stabilize the farm economy by buying excess supply.
China is the biggest importer of USA soybeans. China purchased $100 million of Washington cherries a year ago, Sandison said. China is a foe economically, certainly they are a foe.
"I don't think 12 billion dollars will get them very far in an environment where USA agricultural exports to the rest of the world are being targeted in this way".
"We have many countries where they have massive barriers and they have massive tariffs, and we have to follow. Commissars in the administration trying to figure out how they're going to sprinkle around benefits", Sen.
Tariffs on US goods have impacted all sectors of the economy, according to the USDA's trade counsel to the secretary, Jason Hafemeister.
"That would be a negotiation that would be possible in half a year, and which we could start with the U.S.in the autumn".
The Trump administration will reportedly give $12 billion in aid to farmers hurt by the tariffs.
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Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue said the government's measures were temporary, and necessary to send "a firm statement that other nations can not bully our agriculture producers to force the United States to cave in", he said in announcing the aid.
Agriculture officials say the plan will not require congressional approval. Administration officials deny that the plan is a bailout. The Senate has several key races in agriculture-dependent states like Missouri, North Dakota, and in this November.
The E.U. slapped retaliatory tariffs on the USA last month in response to Trump's tariffs on steel and aluminum.
On Thursday, Trump is scheduled to travel to IL and Iowa to talk about the economy and his trade agenda.
Republican Senator Chuck Grassley of Iowa said the aid package is "encouraging for the short term".
"Tariffs are the greatest!" It's as simple as that - and every body's talking! Nebraska Sen. Ben Sasse (R) said, "America's farmers don't want to be paid to lose - they want to win by feeding the world".
"If tariffs punish farmers, the answer is not welfare for farmers - the answer is remove the tariffs", Paul tweeted.
Other Republicans backed the president.
The agriculture sector was already suffering before the president's tariffs.
While the economic backstops are widely popular in rural states, some anti-spending Republicans and urban Democrats have said they unfairly prop up agribusinesses at taxpayers' expense.
President Trump's tariff threats against China, Canada, Mexico and the European Union prompted immediate threats of retaliation.
Farmers for Free Trade, an agricultural-industry advocacy group, also criticized the administration's proposal.
"This is a awful idea", Holtz-Eakin told The Washington Post.
The administration said the program was just temporary. "This bailout compounds bad policy with more bad policy". Two wrongs don't make a right. Many farmers are accepting that message.